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Saturday, March 14, 2015

What you should notice in Singing "Articulation"

What you should notice in Singing "Articulation" - Hello future singer. I am so happy to be back again here to share you some thoughts about singing stuffs. Today, I would like to tell you about "Articulation" because it is one of the things that needed to be considered in doing singing performance.

Singing is "speaking" through rhyme with notation, melody, rhythm, and bars, which inside is contained of message, story, pledge, and etc that is delivered to the audience or the listener. In order that all of them that are being delivered can be listened and understood very well, it is essential to possess good, proper, and clear articulation.

Generally, articulation is known as a form of word pronunciation, parts of words or sentences with a correct manner, clear, and precise. The form of mouth gesture when singing really affects on the result of the pronunciation. The most common mistakes that is usually happened are that they cannot open their mouth properly, therefore the word that is uttered sounds unclear. The reason is that they feel shy or inferior to be laughed at when they open their mouth too wide. Whereas in singing, we are not required to think about how our face or mouth will be formed, as long as we sing the song properly and not artificial, that is ok!

Here are some other causes why articulation is being not correct or unclear:

a. Natural Articulation Defective, this is usually experienced by stammerer or some people who are unable to pronounce one of the consonants, for example the letter "r".
b. Bad Articulation, this is not caused by the defective articulation, but it is happened whenever we do wrong said. Somehow the less preparation is also caused this to be happened.
For instance:
- the word "stone" is read as "stoon"
- "heart" is read as "hurt"
c. Indeterminate Articulation, this is happened because the pronunciation of words are too fast as if the words seem like huddled without any distance at all.

For the next post, I will continue about the types of articulation in singing. Please beware that you read this post properly and connect it to your problem. If you think that you have a problem in uttering the correct articulation, try to find the type of the causes and use the solution above. For the further explanation, there will be more on the types of the singing articulation itself. Thank you for reading!

Thursday, March 12, 2015

Intonation in Singing

Intonation in Singing - Intonation is a term that communicates more with tone, stress, duration, and an attention towards the singing. Generally, intonation is called as a sentence song or a voice song of a person when speaking. However, in music intonation is thought as an accuracy in playing a particular tone. Our intonation is right when we can find the correct pitch of a tone.

A singer must be able to sing with proper intonation, either for higher notes or for lower notes. Proper intonation can produce a very catchy sound. Yet some times we often see a singer with improper intonation. This usually happens because:

1. Lack of practice, so that he is less mastering the song that he is going to sing
2. Doubtful, so that it create the feeling of anxiety when trying to reach high note
3. The improper breathing techniques.
4. Les sensitive towards the musical accompaniment
5. Having a difficulty in aiming to leap the right tone

In order to get a better intonation, we need to increase the musical intelligence and to practice controlling the breathing as well as to train the auditory sensitivity toward the tone.

In learning intonation, it is suggested that we practice accompanied by music instrument that has pitch control such as piano or keyboard in order that we can singing the right tone and controlled pitch. Nevertheless, if you think it is a bit difficult, we can use a recorded sound of piano that is proper to the vocal lesson need.

These are some of the ways to practice intonation:
a. Practice musical scale with its modulation
b. Try to sing some songs that is related to the steps of training
c. Practice the songs with some varieties of tempo.
d. Try to guess tones using close interval until distant interval.

Beside the voice pitch, intonation is also related to the stress that is put on words, some parts of the words, and even sentences. In the structure of intonation, there are three kinds of stress:

1. Dynamic stress (strong-weak), this stress focuses on the words that need emphasis. For example on the sentence "I buy this pencil". See these examples below, the same sentence but different emphasis:

  • I buy this pencil (I am, not someone else)
  • I BUY this pencil (I buy, not sell or not something else)
  • I buy THIS pencil (this pencil, not other kinds of pencil)
2. Tone pressure, it is given on certain tones, especially higher tone. The stress or pressure given must refer to the song melody.

3. Tempo pressure, this stress or pressure is in relation with slow down or speed up the pronunciation. This stress is usually used to clarify what we mean.

Monday, March 9, 2015

What is Tone in Singing?

What is Tone in Singing? - Hello future singer! Now I am back with talking about tone. I expect that at the end of this lesson you can understand and master correctly about the basic principles of intonation in singing.


Tone is a systematic sound or voice which the per second vibration frequency has been determined. The tone that is played and sung on the right frequency is called as Pitch. If the tone is more likely lower or higher than the pitch, then it is named as out of tone. Many famous singers who is being a judge in some competitions called this as pitchy. 

There are four elements that must be owned by tone:

1. Pitch, the tone frequency accuracy.
2. Duration, the length of the tone to be played or sung.
3. Intensity, the strong and soft of the tone to be played or sung.
4. Timbre, the voice color

Tone Phases

When singing, the tone that is being sung must go through 3 phases in order that it will produce good musical tone. Those three phases are:

1. Attacking phase (the phase of starting up the tone)
2. Sustention phase (the phase of holding up the tone)
3. Release phase (the phase of realising up the tone)

Those three phases have a very important role in singing process. Starting the tone properly will pave the way to the sustention phase and the release phase. Holding the tone right on the stabilize track as long as its need will make the singing to become more interesting to be heard. Similarly with the release phase of the tone, if it is done properly so the listener will be impressed.

The last phase of tone has a very short duration and must be done pretty well on the right track. It cannot be neglected or lower or faster. In fact, a tone must be ended nor by disappearing neither because of being exhausted.

Breathing that is used to lengthen the tone must be continued until the release phase has been done. Do not let the breath push becomes slacken before the singing activity is finished, because if it is happened, it will affect the quality of the tone that is produced.

Later on, I will continue with Intonation. Please read this post carefully before you are going to read the next post. Because both of them are really related on each other. Have a nice day future singer!

Vocal Range: Sing from low to high!

Vocal Range: Sing from low to high! - Hello future singer! After being busy with my real world activity, I can finally sit on my laptop and write down on my blog sharing all knowledge related to singing or vocal activity. Hopefully, this post and all other posts that I have already posted will be very beneficial for you and you can apply it whenever you do the singing activity either solo or in vocal group or choir. Alright, today I am going to discuss about Vocal Range.

Range or usually called as Ambitus in latin is a tone limit that is possibly achieved starting from the lowest until the highest. It is also called as the limit of tone range.

In classical music knowledge, the types of voice is classified according to the vocal range of the vocalist. Here are some types of human voice including the range or ambitus:

1, Bass                  : male low voice (F-d1)
2. Baritone              : male middle voice (A-f1)
3. Tenor                : male high voice (c0 - a1)
4. Alto                   : female low voice (f0 - d2)
5. Mezzo Soprano : female middle voice (a0-f2)
6. Soprano             : female high voice (c1 - a2)

For kids, the voice is grouped as two parts. The first is the high voice (c1 - f2) and the second is low voice (a0 - d2).

The grouping of voice is very essential when we sing in a group or in a choir. However, it does not become very important if we sing alone or solo. But, by knowing this you can also utilize it to extend your voice range. It is really helpful for you because you can sing any song which has longer range tone without forcing your vocal chord too hard. Practice and the right technique are the key to reach it. Work hard future singer!

Well future singer, this is one of the videos that can be as your reference for practicing to extend your vocal range. Try to follow it step by step and relate it with the knowledge that I have posted. I hope that you will find what you need here. Thank you for visiting future singer!

Wednesday, March 4, 2015

One of the most important part in Singing: Voice Register

One of the most important part in Singing: Voice Register - Voice Register or usually called as the area of voice is divided into 5 types. Every types has different tone range.

1. Chest Register (Chest Voice)
It is named as chest register because it uses more chest resonance when producing voice. This register is used when reaching lower tones. For male, it is usually below c0, and for female it is usually below c1.

2. Mix Register (Mix Voice)
This register can also be called as middle register or middle voice. Because it produces a middle tone voice. For male, the tone that is produced approximately between c0 - c1, whereas for female, the produced tone is between c1 to c2.

3. Head Register (Head Voice)
For this kind of voice register, the chest resonance is replaced with the head resonance. Maybe the vibration that we feel on our head is not stronger than the vibration when we use chest resonance. However, we can feel our head looks like producing sounds when we reach high notes in this kind of register.

4. Sub Register (Vocal Fry)
This register is placed below the lower tone and it is usually called as "Growl" register or growled voice.

5. Flute Register
For male this kind of voice is called as high voice falsetto. Whilst for female it is called as flute voice or "Flageolet". Flute register is placed around the tones above c2 for male and above c3 for female.

Monday, March 2, 2015

What is Resonance in Singing?

What is Resonance in Singing? - On the previous post, I have posted about voice production, how to produce a good and effective voice both for singing and speaking. On this post, I would like to continue the explanation toward the Vocal Resonance which is one of the elements of voice production. 

After we master the way of producing great voice, we continue to placing the voice in the correct resonance area. Resonance is an attempt to reflect voice on cavities that is placed in our body. Resonance helps expanding our voice wider, strengthen the endurance of voice, and beautify the voice.

Resonant Cavity

Resonant cavity can be divided into two types:

1. Resonance cavity which the shape cannot be changed, among others:
- Head Cavity
- Chest Cavity
- Forehead Cavity

2. Resonance cavity which the shape can be changed, among others:
- Throat Cavity
- Oral Cavity
- Nasal Cavity

The resonators which the shape can be changed play an important role in producing different timbre and pronounced vowels.
The differences are:
a. Dark voice, as if swallowed and tend to be felt like far away is caused by voice concentration that is more focused on the throat resonator.
b. Light voice, wide and has front focus is caused by voice concentration that is more focused on oral resonator.
c. Nasal voice, which is caused by voice concentration that is more focused on nasal resonator.

Combining the three resonators proportionally is a wise decision when we sing. Because singing by placing only on one resonator can cause boredom. You can watch the example of placing the voice into those kinds of resonators on Youtube or on a video that I will post later on. Have a nice day future singer!

Voice Production

Voice Production - Human voice comes from a vibration of the vocal chords that is resulted by the air movement which comes out from lungs through throat, the place where the vocal chords are located. There are two forms of voice that is produced, those are speaking voice which is produced when we are talking and singing voice which is produced when we are singing.

The prominent characteristic from both voices among others:

1, The speaking voice sounds loud, rude, not resonated, heavy, and spend a lot of breathing.
2. The singing voice sounds subtle, clean, light, resonated, and all breathing that come out from mouth turn into voice.

In order to get a good singing voice, it is required an imagination and drills routinely to develop the quality and the ability of the singer.

The establishment of voice must meet those three elements below:

1. something that is vibrated (vibrator)
2. something that vibrates (motor)
3. something that reflects and raising up the voice (resonator)

In term of an establishment of human voice, the thing that is functioned as vibrator is the vocal chords. Meanwhile breath acts as the motor to trigger the vocal chords.

In order to be heard, the voice needs resonator that has a role as raising and reflecting the voice. In case of the human voice, the resonator is all cavities that are located in our body, those are abdominal, chest, esophagus, nasal, oral, and head cavities.

After having an ability to produce the voice well, it is essential to have an articulator in order that the produced voice can form words or utterance. The words or utterance must sound clearly and correct. Therefore, Articulator is needed to be practice very well.

Human speaking tools that are able to create voices or sounds such as language or utterance are separated into two kinds, those are articulator, articulation point, and other supporting organs.

1, Articulator
Articulator is the human speaking tool that can move freely and able to touch some parts of the other speaking tools (articulation point) as well as able to form various position. This such a speaking tool is placed on the lower part or lower jaw. Human speaking tools that are included in articulator among others:
a. lower lip
b. lower teeth
c. tongue tip
d. front of the tongue
e. tongue middle
f. tongue back
g. the root of the tongue

2. Articulation point
Articulation point is the human speaking tool that is being a center of touch and static. These tools are found on the upper part or upper jaw. The tools that are included on the articulation are as follows:

a, upper lip
b. upper teeth
c. top dental arch
d. hard palate
e. soft palate
f. uvula

3. Other tools
The other tools mean here are the speaking tools apart from the articulator and the articulator point that can support the process of language voice. Those included tools are:

a. Nose
b. nasal cavity
c. oral cavity
d. pharynx
e. Adam's apple valve
f. vocal chords
h. trachea

Alright, those are today's lesson about voice production. Hopefully, by reading this lesson you will be able to produce a very good singing voice so that you will closely be a great future singer. Thank you for visiting!

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